2021年国内外油气资源形势分析及展望
投稿时间:2022-01-14  修订日期:2022-01-14  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
樊大磊 自然资源部油气资源战略研究中心 fandl@sinooilgas.org.cn 
王宗礼 自然资源部油气资源战略研究中心  
李文博 自然资源部油气资源战略研究中心  
王彧嫣 自然资源部油气资源战略研究中心  
基金项目:自然资源部二级项目“油气资源勘查开采形势分析”资助(编号:2021YQZYKC)
中文摘要:2021年,新冠肺炎疫情仍在全球蔓延,随着疫苗接种率的不断提升,世界经济在疫情冲击下持续复苏,以中国、美国等为代表的国家及地区经济增长较快,油气等能源需求增长强劲,国际油气价格大幅上涨,布伦特(Brent)原油现货月度均价从年初50美元/桶持续回升,10月突破85美元/桶。油气等能源供需局部出现不平衡,欧洲能源危机越演越烈,中国出现短期“拉闸限电”现象。我国经济发展和疫情防控保持全球领先地位,国内石油企业持续加大勘探开发力度,石油产量连续三年持续稳步增长,接近2亿t,天然气产量增长较快,超过2 000亿m3,油气找矿取得多项重要突破。预计2022年,疫情仍将给世界经济复苏带来不确定性,国际油价将在中高位运行,布伦特原油现货均价将在70美元/桶上下波动。我国石油产量超过2亿t,天然气产量仍保持较快增长势头,将达2 200亿m3以上。
中文关键词:油气资源  油价  勘探开发  形势分析  展望
 
Analysis and prospects of oil and gas resource situation at home and abroad in 2021
Abstract:In 2021, the new crown pneumonia epidemic is still spreading around the world. With the continuous increase in vaccination rate, the world economy continues to recover under the impact of the epidemic. Countries and regions represented by China and the United States have experienced rapid economic growth and strong growth in energy demand such as oil and gas. International oil and gas prices rose sharply. The average spot price of Brent crude oil continued to rise from US $50/barrel at the beginning of the year, and exceeded US $85/barrel in October. The supply and demand of energy such as oil and gas are partially unbalanced, the energy crisis in Europe is becoming more and more severe, and there is a short-term “power blackout” phenomenon in China. China"s economic development and epidemic prevention and control have maintained a leading position in the world. Domestic oil companies have continued to increase their efforts in exploration and development, and oil production has continued to grow steadily for three consecutive years, reaching nearly 200 million tons. Natural gas production has grown rapidly, exceeding 200 billion cubic meters. A number of important breakthroughs have been made in the mine. It is expected that in 2022, the epidemic will still bring uncertainty to the recovery of the world economy, international oil prices will run at a mid-to-high level, and the average spot price of Brent crude oil will fluctuate around $70 per barrel. China’s oil production will exceed 200 million tons, and natural gas production will continue to maintain a rapid growth momentum, which will reach more than 220 billion m3 .
keywords:oil and gas resource  oil price  exploration and development  situation analysis  prospect
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